Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is a highly branched , plants are 30 to 150 cm (12-59 in ) tall with globular flower heads having yellow , orange or red flowers
It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds, Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 seeds per head safflower is used for coloring and and flavoring foods, in medicines , Dried safflower petals are used in folk medicine and have been shown to invigorate blood circulation,. In addition, dried safflower petals contain yellow dyes that are used to color food and cosmetics.
Safflower has become well-known for helping to lower cholesterol levels and for maintaining good heart health, and preventing heart disease, heart attacks and strokes. Also known to improve circulation, it has been used to treat and reverse a condition of congested and stagnant blood, or poor blood circulation. Safflower invigorates the blood has been useful to reduce blood clots and ease pains in the lower abdominal area and promotes menstrual blood flow.
As a diaphoretic, Safflower has been used for centuries to induce perspiration, and helps to diminish fevers and cool the body. It is also considered an effective diuretic and cleanses the bladder
It has also been thought to have a calming effect, and has been used for hysteria and panic attacks